Penetration testing, sometimes called ethical hacking or red team hacking, is an exciting career path in which you simulate cyberattacks on target systems in order to test (and, ultimately, improve) their security. It's a job that lots of people currently working in infosec would like to have, and one that can be tricky to get as competition heats up.
"It used to be the best way to grow a career in attack and penetration was through hands-on experience," says Matthew Eidelberg, technical manager for threat management at Optiv. "It’s becoming harder and harder to break into pen testing as a beginner, because these roles are no longer considered niche. They are in high demand. As a result, a lot of effort has gone into certifications based on training and real-world lab simulations for both students and professionals."