Everybody Was Hack Foo Fighting
I’m going to discuss a serious problem with the organisational structure and social dynamics of the hacker community, and why this puts hackers at risk. Hackers operate essentially the same way as the henchmen in a kung fu movie: they attack the adversary one by one by one… always losing. This is a terrible way of developing a robust core of knowledge about which OPSEC techniques work, which techniques fail, and why.
Organisational Learning for Dummies
There are two types of knowledge: individual, and organisational. Hackers are very individualistic, and the knowledge they acquire tends to be very practical; experience based. There are few hacker organisations that seek to collect, retain, test and spread knowledge. The organistations that do crop up are either some zines, which are knowledge artefacts that transmit techne, or hacker groups, which share tool chains and experience. However, these hacker groups have very short lifespans (measured in months and single digit years, not decades). They are compartmented in that there is some effort made to retain the group’s proprietary information, but internally they usually have a very poor security posture. They are social groups in many ways, so they are heavily compromised. As we say in infosec “crunchy on the outside, chewy in the middle”.
Their opposition, the intelligence agencies and law enforcement departments, have decades of organisational history and knowledge. The individual members can display wide ranges of skill and competence, but the resources and core knowledge of the organisation dwarf what any individual hacker has available. Many of the skills that a hacker needs to learn, his clandestine tradecraft and OPSEC, are the sort of skills that organisations are excellent at developing and disseminating. These are not very good skillsets for an individual to learn through trial and error, because those errors have significant negative consequences. An organisation can afford to lose people as it learns how to deal with the adversary; an individual cannot afford to make a similar sacrifice – afterall, who would benefit from your negative example?
Challenges? More Like Opportunities!
Hackers are facing some very serious challenges now:
- they lack organistations for collecting intelligence and knowledge about their adversary;
- they face off against the adversary one at a time,
- they learn very poorly from prior mistakes
- they don’t even know what skills they need,
- and perhaps most dangerously, they aren’t even aware they’re in the game
It is amusing how many people think that interrogations involve violence and torture. Successful elicitation far more frequently involves whiskey, flattery, playing dumb, and being doubtful (”really? I didn’t know it was possible to do that. You must be pretty damn smart to have figured it out…”).
Winning at Secrets
There needs to be more information available on the techniques used during investigations, as well as before they begin. There needs to be documentation on how to evade those techniques, and why those evasions are successful. That knowledge needs to be captured and dissemminated out to those who can use it.